The Amazon Rainforest constitutes over 1/2 of the planet’s remaining rainforest, and the Amazon River is the life force of this amazing ecosystem.
The lowland jungle (in Spanish Selva Baja) is also known as Omagua region, Walla, Anti, Amazonian rainforest or Amazon basin. This ecoregion is the largest of Peru, standing between 80 and 1,000 meters above sea level. It has very warm weather with an average temperature of 28 °C, high relative humidity (over 75%) and yearly rainfall of approximately 260 cm (100 in). Its soils are very heterogeneous, but almost all have river origins. Because of high temperatures and high rainfall, they are poor soils with few nutrients.
In the quest for Amazonia’s treasures–minerals, oil, animal skins, precious stones and metals, to name a few–biological diversity has become the victim. These “green treasures” are the wealth that hold great promises for Earth and mankind in the future.